I’d never heard of the Knysna Velvet Worm until i discovered that it’s endangered. In fact, in 1996, it was believed to be extinct.
The Knysna version is classified as peripatopsis clavigera. I couldn’t find a photo with a creative commons licence but above is the South American version (the local version is more brownish red).
The Knysna Velvet Worm loves the dampness of indigenous Afromontane forest but has been found in some timber areas. That timber industry, along with increasing human settlements and alien vegetation, is thought to be the reason why their population is so small.
The female can give birth up to 40 offspring a year. These are live births, rare for worms. Incredibly, they can live up to 7 years.
Fascinatingly, they’re carnivorous, nocturnal hunters that squirt a gluish, white liquid to immobilise their prey.